Ministry of Environment and Tourism
Namibia has one of the few constitutions in the world with speciﬁc provisions aimed at safeguarding the environment. Furthermore, Namibia is one of the few countries that has linked issues of environmental protection to tourism development. The mission of the Ministry of Environment and Tourism is to promote biodiversity conservation in the Namibian environment through the sustainable utilisation of natural resources and tourism development for the maximum social and economic beneﬁt of its citizens. It’s mandate derived from the Constitutional provision in Chapter 11: Principles of State Policy, Article 95: Promotion of the Welfare of the People whereby the state shall actively promote and maintain the welfare of the people by adopting, inter alia, polices aimed at the following:
“Maintenance of ecosystems, essential ecological processes and biological diversity of Namibia and utilisation of living natural resources on a sustainable basis for the beneﬁt of all Namibians, both present and future; in particular, the Government shall provide measures against the dumping or recycling of foreign nuclear and toxic waste on Namibian territory”.
The Environmental Management Act
The Environmental Management Act, 2007 (Act No. 7 of 2007) was promulgated to promote the sustainable management of the environment and the use of natural resources by establishing principles for decision making on matters affecting the environment; to establish the Sustainable Development Advisory Council; to provide for the employment of the Environmental Commissioner and environmental officers; to provide for process of assessment and control of activities which may have significant impacts on the environment and to provide for incidental matters.
Under the Act, the Minister of Environment and Tourism has published a list of activities, which may not be undertaken without an Environmental Clearance Certificate. This list includes mining and quarrying activities; hazardous substance treatment, handling and storage; and waste management, treatment, handling and disposal activities.